Soviet Union Kosmos Satellites by Year (to 1980)

The table also shows how many of these were Zenit surveillance satellites hiding their true identity behind the Kosmos name.

YEAR KOSMOS LAUNCHES (of which, ZENITS)
1962 12 5
1963 12 7
1964 27 12
1965 52 17
1966 34 21
1967 61 22
1968 64 29
1969 55 32
1970 72 30
1971 81 26
1972 72 29
1973 86 35
1974 74 27
1975 85 33
1976 101 33
1977 86 31
1978 96 33
1979 79 64
1980 88 27

The list doesn’t necessarily correspond to the number of satellites launched, as some Kosmos missions carried multiple payloads, usually in the form of a batch of eight Strela communications satellites.