Today marks the launch the shuttle Endeavour in 1992 on mission STS-49 to retrieve and relaunch the intelsat 603 satellite.
This was the maiden voyage of Endeavour, lasting 9 days. The crew (left to right in the photo below) were Kathryn C Thornton, Bruce E Melnick, Pierre J Thuot, Daniel C Brandenstein (mission commander), Kevin P Chilton (pilot), Richard J Hieb and Thomas D Akers.
The mission was a success, and included the first ever 3-astronaut EVA (spacewalk). Four EVA’s were carried out in total (another first), but only one of them involved three crew members. The need for so many EVA’s was the result of the first two attempts to catch the Intelsat not going according to plan. That was also the reasoning behind sending three of them outside for the third EVA. It’s understandable when you see the size of the fish they were trying to reel in (below):
STS133, led by commander Steven Lindsey on his fifth flight, launched on February 24th, 2011, and was the 39th and last mission for the space shuttle Discovery. It was the 133rd flight of the shuttle fleet.
The main objectives of the mission were the delivery of a new multipurpose module, Leonardo, and an external stowage platform, to the International Space Station. Included in the cargo within Leonardo was Robonaut 2, a three-foot high (from waist to head – it has no legs) robotic astronaut, the first humanoid robot in space, taken aboard the ISS to test how such robots can be used in the unusual environment of a space station.
The crew of 6 ended their mission on March 11th, having spent almost nine days docked with the ISS. Their commander, Steven Lindsey, was a real shuttle veteran, on his fifth and final flight, spending over 1500 hours in space.
1987 – Discovery, in the Large Magellanic Cloud, of supernova 1987A from the Las Campanas Observatory in Chile.