Asteroid 14 Irene, was discovered on this day in 1851 by the Nottingham-born astronomer John Russell Hind (1823 – 1895).
Being the size she is (about 150km in any direction) and having such an early discovery date and low classification number, I’m amazed it’s taken me five years to get around to her.
Irene is an “S” type asteroid, meaning her composition is of a siliceous nature. S-types are generally brighter than the much more common “C-type” carbonaceous asteroids, presumably making them easier to spot back in the early days of asteroid hunting.
In mythology, Irene, or Eirene, was one of a collection of deities called the Horae. The root of this name is from the word “year”, and the Horae were originally in charge of the seasons. Later though, more of them were employed to look after some of the more nebulous aspects of the natural order of things, such as peace (out friend Eirene here), plant growth (Auxo), moral justice (Diké) and law (Eunomia).
1874 — Discovery of asteroid 138 Tolosa by Henri Joseph Perrotin. Tolosa is the Latin version of Toulouse.
1881 — Discovery of asteroid 220 Stephania (Princess Stephanie of Belgium) by Johann Palisa.
1893 — Discovery of asteroids 367 Amicitia (friendship) and 368 Haidea (unknown name), both by Auguste Charlois.
Created May 2019.