March 18 – 136 Austria

Asteroid 136 Austria was discovered on March 18th 1874 by Austrian astronomer Johann Palisa.  Being his first discovery, he got a bit patriotic when it came to choosing a name, although he did stick to the convention of Latinising the name, rather than use Österreich or Oesterreich.

The Coat of Arms of Austria
The Coat of Arms of Austria

136 Austria is in the main belt, is about 40 km wide, and may or may not be an M-type.  A study by Clarke et al published in the Abstracts of the 25th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference suggest it may be more of an S-type.